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Wriggling Worms Make Great Pets!

wormies.jpgLooking for an unusual green project for your kids? What about a worm bin?

Hold on, hold on. Before you completely throw that idea to the wind because you don’t want stinky, wriggling, slimy “pets” in your kids’ bedroom, hear me out. Worm bins, or vermicomposting, are a cool way to decrease the amount of solid waste heading into the landfill by recycling your food wastes into amazingly rich compost for your plants. Here’s the non-scientific explanation, suitable for explaining to your four-year-old: the worms eat our food scraps, and their poop can feed our flowers. Done correctly, a worm bin will produce less odor than collecting your food wastes for an outside compost pile, and the maintenance is simple enough that a child can do it. What a great way to teach science, stewardship, and responsibility all at the same time.

There’s two ways to procure a bin: buy one or build one. Jeff has instructions for a great DIY bin from the early days of Green Options that couldn’t be easier, or you can check out different models for purchase here.

Once you get your bin, you’ve got to stock it with some bedding for the worms. Shredded paper is an easy option, but you can also use sawdust, dead leaves, or shredded burlap sacks. The bedding should be moist–about the texture of a wrung-out sponge. The bin will work best if you keep it between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit, and worms don’t really like light, so keep the bin in a dark place.

Worm type is important. Red wrigglers (eisenia foetida) or red earthworms (lumbricus rubellus) are what you are looking for, and you should start with a pound of worms. They’ll be able to process 3 1/2 to 4 pounds of food scraps per week. You can find worms in several places. Your local garden store may have them, or try a state university’s extension office for master gardeners. You can also order worms online from Topline or The Worm Farm.

Okay, you’ve got a bin, bedding, and your worms. Time to start feeding! There’s certain things worms like to eat, including any fruit or veggie scraps, coffee grounds, teabags (watch the staples on the tag!), eggshells, and/or bread scraps. Don’t feed the worms any meat or fish, grease or oily stuff, tobacco, or pet waste. If you want to make your compost harvest simpler, rotate where you put the scraps: keep all the food on one side of the bin. That way, the worms will work that side, and when you’re ready to steal some of their casings for harvest, you can start putting food on the other side. Use the rotation every few months to keep your stream of nutrient-rich compost constant. Keep the bin moist, and if it starts to smell, add more bedding or ease off the scraps for a few days.

I really think this is a perfect project for kids. It’s simple enough to have kids maintain the bins: they can be responsible for collecting scraps and feeding the worms. There’s plenty of books for kids that can get them excited about your worm bin by exploring the vermicomposting process along with the worm life cycle. Check out:

* Wonderful Worms by Linda Glaser

* Compost, By Gosh! by Michelle Eva Portman

* Diary of a Worm by Doreen Cronin

* Wriggling Worms at Work by Wendy Pfeffer

[This post was written by Kelli Best-Oliver]


  1. I did exactly this a couple months back with my three year old. It actually diverted the whole puppy discussion. I got her excited by reading some of the above mentioned books then I asked her if she wanted to get some worms. She loves to help feeding them.

  2. My silly boyfriend thinks I’m too messy to get a worm bin, so I think it will be a compost tumbler for me. I wish I could get some worms, though, especially since a compost tumbler is more complicated to make homemade. This means I’ll probably have to shell out a big chunk of cash to get one. Oh well. It will be worth it when I have lots of amazing soil to put on my garden net summer.

  3. Great post! I’ll have to try that. Let me know if you ever expand on your code

  4. My boys (ages 3 & 6) LOVE our worms. They consider them a member of the family!

  5. I think that having a worm as a pet is a great idea, but when I go to Amercia, I am pretty sure I will get a worm behind my mom or any other little animal, lool

  6. Susanne Oakley says:

    I started my worm farm about a month or so ago and I got my worms out in my own yard. One harvest I got about 300 and today I got another 370 or so. Then whenever I plant something new I will find a few in the ground and add them or after it rains and they surface. I have shown my little neighbor boy who is 4 yrs old and he is very interested in what I am doing. Today he wanted to show another neighbor friend of his one of the worms, so asked me to put a glove on him so he could take it over to show her as he didn’t want it in his bare hand :) It is a neat hobby. Mine is in an old compost bin I had that never produced compost as didn’t have enough sun in my yard….so worms love it…as it is moist, dark with lots of scraps from our table.

    • Dear Susanne Oakley

      I wondered when I read you letter where did you got the worms from and were your parents alright with your pet worms. If you can reply that will be great.


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